Publishing scores

There is a wide range of methods of publishing capella scores from printing, to playable sound files. Also covered here are converting to universal standards that people using other software can read and publishing on web sites.


Printing and PDF files

Select the FILE menu and the PRINT option.

You will have different options depending on the printer you select, however there are a range of options that should be common to all printers. On the GENERAL tab you can select to print all pages, or a range of pages. On the ADVANCED tab you can select to print Odd or Even pages and to reverse tghe ordser they are printed. Both these options will help you print double sided if your printer does not do this.

PDF files are a printed image of the file. They are created in such a way that the image is redrawn by the printer or viewer. In this way no detail is lost when you view or print at any size. This compares with a bitmap image which has specific number of bits per inch. PDF files will allow you to send printed score pages to a colleague who may have a better quality printer or a larger format printer.

A point to be aware of with PDF files is that some ways of creating them save the font with the file and some do not. If you use a PDF creator that does not save the capella font you used it will appear as text characters and not music if the recipients computer does not have the capella font.

There are many ways to create a PDF file. The safest way in capella is to use EXPORT and PDF. If you use PRINT you may find you have the Microsoft PDF creator ‘ Microsoft Print to PDF’.


FILE/PAGE SETUP. Change the page orientation between portrait and landscape to suit the score. If you have access to a larger format printer owned by a colleague you can change the paper size and export the score as a PDF which can then be printed elsewhere. and change the paper size.

Notation appearance can be changed though the menus for example EXTRAS/SCORE WRAP AROUND wrap around will reflow bars so notes are less compressed. In addition there are 12 additional fonts that will produce significantly different appearances: modern, old fashioned, elegant or heavily set etc. In addition there are plainsong and renaissance styles.

On the downloads page under Support materials you will find a zipped file containing 12 additional fonts and instructions on how to install them.

Associated with changing the fonts is the ability to change the way the stave looks. This is done in the capella.dat text file which you can edit are create new ones through EXTRAS/PREFERENCES/GENERAL/SCORE STYLES.  See the PDF manual for capella page 174 Changing The Style Of A score.

Exporting to other programs

You can export complete scores to other notation programs using MusicXML

The MusicXML format is a little like PDF in that it contains all of the instructions to reassmble the score but in other notation software such as Finale or Sibelius not in a printer as the PDF format does. The preferred file format used to save all properties of a current capella file is CapXML 3.0. capella is also able to read CapXML 1 and 2 (*.capx) as well as the older binary formats (*.cap)
MusicXML as a notation format is not suitable for all of capella’s subtleties so when you use it please ‘proof read’ the score in the recipients software to see that subtle points such as alignments of acceps  etc. are correct. Sending a PDF to the recipient would allow them to double check the result.

Bitmap Export

When you are producing a document with music extracts you can export the piece you want  as a bitmap image which can be pasted into your Word or desktop publisher document. For a printed document use 600dpi, for a web document 200dpi will save space and is usually sufficient.

Use FILE/EXPORT/GRAPHIC. capella does not allow you to highlight an area of a score. You should enter the page number and note where it is saved you can then load it into the free Windows editing program Photos. Right mouse click on the bitmap file and select EDIT WITH PHOTOS

There are 5 different formats. PNG is the recommended one the others are available if PNG is not compatible with the recipient document.

  • PNG is compact and has crisp lines etc. GIF is a similar format but older and less frequently used as it is a copyrighted format.
  • JPEG is the best and most widely used photograph format. It is a very compact format for colour images. Its drawback is that it does not give as crisp an image of notation’s lines.
  • TIFF is a compressed format but should only be used when PNG cannot. TIFF cannot be used easily in web sites.
  • BMP is an old Windows format. It is not compressed giving larger files than PNG and is best used when PNG cannot.
  • SVG is a Vector Graphic file which means like a PDF it recreates lines and fonts so can be rescaled without losing detail. It must have the capella font used at the time on the recipient computer and is only suited to complete pages extraction. Click on the info icon next to the the option.

Exporting as playable music


capella8 will export music as MP3 files which can be played on most music players. You can also export the music as Wave files (which are uncompressed) and MIDI files.

There are a number of controls over what is exported. Any of the settings that you make in the blue playback line at the bottom of capella’s screen will be used. For example you can select which instruments/voices and on the right side of the line choose which dynamics and symbols to be played.