capella FAQs

General FAQs
Is it important to work with 'colour' switched on?
Yes it is important, you need the information that you will see. For example, if you have more than one voice on a stave it will show you which voice you are working in. Also, please note that you can only delete hidden rests if colour is switched on. [F11] toggles colour on and off.
Voices', 'staves', 'lines of music' ...... - can you explain?
*  A voice is a single ribbon of notes – the tune you can sing
*  A stave is a set of five lines – it can accommodate more than one voice, for example a treble stave might hold both soprano and alto voices

*  A line of music is the music that is heard at the same time. A line of music in an orchestral or brass band score might number over 20 instruments (staves). A line of music in a piano score would show two staves.

What is MusicXML and capx?
Music XML is a universal format for common Western musical notation from the 17th century onwards. It is designed as an interchange format for notation, analysis, retrieval, and performance applications. capella can read and write in this format allowing you to exchange scores with Sibelius and Finale users. MusicXML is based on XML which is the format used for most modern document files including Word. capella uses its own extension of the format to cope with the specialist information required for scores. While it is basically like the MusicXML version of XML, it contains additional information. Unlike biinary files you can read and edit these XML based files with any simple NotePad type program. See the FAQ on XML under Layout FAQs above.
Making Help more useful.
The Help files have a Favourites tab:: where you can make your own list of things you need to remember. How often have you discovered how to do something, and then forgotten next time it crops up? Put it on the Favourites tab! To do this, identify the information in the Help files, click the Favourites tab and the current topic will be displayed in the window at the bottom of the box. Click ‘Add’
Layout FAQs
Too few or too many bars across the page.
Use automatic score wrap-around. Use EXTRAS/Score Wrap Around. Here you can set a specific number of bars or you can ask capella to automatically wrap around at an appropriate number of bars. This will vary the number of bars across the page depending on the number of notes in the bars and the note size.
Music overflows the right margin.
capella has a default setting for the number of notes it will place horizontally within a page of music. If you find you have notes overflowing the right margin of the page this will usually be because you have imported a file from an earlier version of capella. There are two ways to correct the overflow. The Score Wraparound feature (EXTRAS Score Wrap around), or right mouse clicking on any part of the score page and selecting ‘Score’. In the Note Spacing tab click ‘Allow extra compression of notes along the stave’
Line of two or three bars won't justify.
capella has a default setting for the number of notes it will place horizontally within a page of music. If you find you have notes overflowing the right margin of the page this will usually be because you have imported a file from an earlier version of capella. There are two ways to correct the overflow. The Score Wraparound feature (EXTRAS Score Wrap around), or right mouse clicking on any part of the score page and selecting ‘Score’. In the Note Spacing tab click ‘Allow extra compression of notes along the stave’.}Notes overflowing the right side of the page.
Two lines of music alongside each other - look at the From User to Expert section of the Help files
Look at the From User to Expert section of the Help files.
Vertically aligned barlines across lines of music - look at the From User to Expert section of the Help files
Look at the From User to Expert section of the Help files.
You can change note and barline position by adding placeholders.
These are notes/rests with no value and they are invisible. Use [SHIFT]+[CTRL]+[W]+[U]. To keep placeholders inside (on the left of) a barline you will need to click on the Appoggiatura button and select ‘passing appoggiatura’. Call this dialogue by highlighting the placeholders, clicking FORMAT | Notes/Rests | General tab..
Repositioning accidentals.
Hold down CTRL and click on an accidental. When it is highlighted hold down [J] and use right or left keyboard arrows. [J]+[HOME] return it to the default position.
Lost anchor points (ghost objects).
If you have an object appearing in the score (such as text or a music symbol) which you can’t click on, it could be that at some point you moved the object more than two lines of music away from its anchor point. What sometimes happens as a result of this is that you can see the object but can’t delete or move it. The way around this is to click on the beginning of the first stave of the page and press [TAB]. Each time you press it will activate a new object and show you the anchor point and the object. Your inaccessible object will show up as an anchor point without an object attached to it. Delete the anchor point and the object should disappear. What you are looking for is a red block (anchor point) and a blue object. You will need to move the cursor to the start of each stave
Creating your own default empty score.
capella always opens with a single stave because that is what has been saved as the default layout file. If you nearly always write a specific type of music, for instance if you always use SATB on two staves, create this layout and then save it to the folder ‘Program files/capella-software/capella/template’ with the name ‘Standard.cap’. Every time you start capella you will now get an empty score of this design.
Note values and other notation FAQs
Changing the key but not the notes.
If you are working on a score but you find that the key signature is not correct put the cursor at the start of the stave and click the key-shaped icon to open the Clef, Key and Time Signature dialogue. This will change the key signature but not affect the notes you have already entered on that stave. The setting is under EXTRAS/ Options/ Note Entry. In this dialogue there are two tick boxes marked ‘insert clef change’ and ‘insert key change’. The boxes should not be ticked unless you want to see the notes move when you make the changes.
Can't enter the note 'B'.
Playback FAQs
Dynamics etc. not being played back.
There are two playback systems in capella, with capella tune and without. The default is with capella tune – this plays back dynamics etc.. To check that this is still selected go to Extras/ Options/ Sound/ Playback and tick ‘Use capella tune (recommended)’. capella tune recognizes all the dynamic marks (p, pp etc.) and most playback descriptions (cresc, pedal etc.).
A note hangs in playback.
This is usually caused by deleting the end note in a set of tied notes. The end note has the sound off command. Re-tie the notes.
No volume on playback.
This can have many causes. Below are the most common:
*  A diminuendo or pp type instruction is put in the score and not cancelled before being repeated again
*  The Volume is off for the windows soundcard. Check Control Panel/ Sound/ Speakers. If you can find a MIDI file, does it play in Windows Media player
Playing back a transposing instrument.
Go into the System Template and with the instrument’s stave highlighted in the Template select Transpose. You can select Transpose at playback and optionally Transpose the notes on the page.